Located in the western bounds of the Indonesian archipelago, Sumatra is the sixtieth largest island in the world, with an area of 443,065.8 km2. Bukit Barisan is a large mountain range that extends longitudinally from the northwest to the southeast of Sumatra, with a length of approximately 1500 miles. The Bukit Barisan range includes dozens of mountains, along with both inactive and active volcanoes; such as Geureudong (Aceh), Sinabung (North Sumatra), Merapi and Gutter (West Sumatra), Mount Kaba (Bengkulu), and Kerinci (Sumatra West , Jambi). On the island of Sumatra, there are also several lakes, of which Lake Laut Tawar (Aceh), Lake Toba (North Sumatra), Lake Batur, Maninjau Lake, Lake Above, Below Lake, Lake Gutter (West Sumatra), Lake Kerinci (Jambi) and Lake Ranau (Lampung and South Sumatra).
Sumatra is a large island with a population of approximately 52,210,926 (2010).
Sumatra is a multi-ethnic province including the Batak, Nias, and the Malays as the indigenous people of this region. The east coast of Sumatra is generally inhabited by Malays. The west coast of The central region around Lake Toba is inhabited by the Batak tribe who are mostly Christian. The Nias tribe in the islands west. Since the opening of the tobacco plantations in East Sumatra, the Dutch East Indies colonial government brought many contract laborers to work the plantations. These Newcomers are mostly ethnic Javanese and Chinese.
The principal religion in sumatra is Islam practiced by more than 60% of population, but many area of sumatra have a Chistian majority. Of the whole population, 28% are Prodestant, 5% are Catholic, 4% Buddhist and less than 1% are Hindu.
You will not face any problems traveling within the island state as the roads in Sumatra are good. You can find quite a good network of transportation and road services and buses are the most convenient way of traveling around the state. Bus travel is one of the best options for intercity travel. Trains are available in Sumatra and there is a useful rail line between Bandar Lampung and Palembang. For exploring the many tourist attractions of the region you can rent cars, motorbikes and bicycles, and there are regular ferries from Sumatra to surrounding islands.
In Sumatra there are many interesting places to visit. From the forest of Bukit Lawang with the great apes, the natural beauty along Tangkahan with the Sumatran elephants, the largest lake in Indonesia, lake Toba, with the beauty of the island of Samosir in the centre and the volcanoes of Berastagi (Sibayak mountain, and the mountain Sinabung). Sumatra has many islands which host a variety of activities; such as Weh Island, perfect for snorkeling and diving or surfing the amazing waves on the island of Nias. For more information about these places click here.
Sumatra is famous for many culinary delights. You can easily to find the food and drink of many ethnic styles in sumatra; including chinese, european and many local specialties. Whether you are in a big hotel restaurant or strolling the street stall you will never be without rice, noodles, vegetables and range of traditional cakes. Typically the food is spicy, remember to ask when ordering if you’re not used to a lot of chilli.
The flora and fauna in sumatra is similar to the Asian mainland, but sumatra still boasts vast rainforest and much wildlife. Until the end of the 19th country the Islands rainforest remained untouched, now only 30% of sumatra’s previous jungle remains. Although this does means that Sumatra has changed into a deforested island, there are still vast areas of untouched lowland rainforest and sub-mountainous and mountain forest. Alpine vegetation occurs at the higher altitudes. Extinction and deforestation is a also a problem in Indonesia but it started later than in other countries and we believe there is still time to both see and save it. The island of sumatra is home to countless species including several hundred mammals, almost 200 reptiles, over 60 amphibians, almost 300 fish species and more the 450 bird species. Of these; 9 mammals, 30 fish species and 19 bird species are endemic.
Trekking is a form the adventure travel that has its own challenges and rewards. If you have never tried jungle trekking before, don’t miss it now.
Theres is nothing strange, dangerous or difficult in the jungle. You don’t have to be young for this adventure, you only need an interest in nature. The most important experience is in the journey and something that you can see and feel, not just the end destination. Click here
· Prepare comfortable shoes to take the road to the forest and rugged terrain.
· Bring a raincoat.
· Heavy duty mosquito repellent (50% deet).
. Sleeping bag for higher altitudes.
· For those of you who like to take pictures, prepare a waterproof camera housing, or minimal plastic zip lock bag to protect the camera from rain which can suddenly descend. Also take a backup battery and sufficient memory card.
.Sun lotion (for river rafting and outdoor activities).
If you encounter Orangutans in the jungle, keep a distance of at least 5 meters away. Do not approach or try to touch them, because Orangutans are very sensitive to human disease, and never come between mother and baby. Always keep silent when you walk in the forest. because the animals that live in the forest will move away if they hear a lot of noise.
Keep you eyes open for the smaller, unique, often overlooked animals and insects; eg. butterflies, termites, ants, frogs etc.Always stay in the group and never lose contact with your guide during your time in the Jungle.
Visit Bukit lawang with Bukit Lawang Travel and experience the beautiful harmony between wildlife and nature, not to mention Orangutans in their natural habitat. Orangutans are our closest living relatives sharing 97% of our DNA. They are intelligent, mischievous and tricky and the only great apes found in Asia. They can be found only in the two islands of Sumatra and Borneo. Gunung leuser National Park is located in the Central north of sumatera, it is the last home for Ex-captive and wild orangutan.
What & where is Bukit Lawang?
Bukit Lawang is name of a village situated on west side of the North Sumatra province on the edge of the Gunung Lauser National Park. ‘’Gunung” means mountain, “Bukit” means is hill and “lawang” means door or gate. Therefore, “Bukit Lawang” means “the hill which is the Gateway to the Mountain”.
The flora and fauna of Bukit Lawang Mountain and lowland forests are breath taking. Both are vitally important genetic resource and wildlife habitat. The “green gold” Bukit Lawang is situated at the eastern side of Gunung Leuser National Park (TNGL). This jungle is part of a larger section of jungle known as the Leuser Ecosystem. This region has an area of 2.6 million hectares which includes the area around TNGL which serves as a buffer zone.
Within this national park there are approximately 130 mammal species. These include; the Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii), Sarudung (Hylobates lar ), Gibbon (Hylobates syndactilus), Long-tailed monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), Macac Monkey (Macaca nemestriana) and Kedih (Presbytis thomasi). The carnivorous animals include; the Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus) and the Sumatran Tiger (Tigris Phantera sumatraensis). The Herbivorous animals inclue the Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus), the Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatraensis) and the Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolor).
There are approximately 285 species of bird in the Gunung Leuser National Park including; the Rhinoceros Hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros).
Species at risk
It is estimated that there are around 89 species that are endangered and protected in the Gunung Leuser National Park including; the Sumatran orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus abelii), Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Sumatran elephants (Elephas maximus), Sun Bears (Helarctos malayanus), Hornbills board (Buceros bicornis), Dhole (Cuon Alpinus) and Gibbon (Hylobates syndactylus).
In 1973 a Swiss organization set up an orangutan rehabilitation center in Bukit Lawang. The purpose of the center was to rehabilitate Orangutans released from captivity. The rangers at the center taught the orangutan all the necessary skills to survive in the wild. After an intense period of quarantine, readjustment to the natural habitat and reintegration in the semi-wild population, the Orangutan is then released back into the jungle. All orangutans released are still monitored by the rangers and they still provide them with supplementary food at the feeding platform until they become fully self-reliant.
The wildlife within the National Park is exotic and unusually diverse, Wild Orangutans can be difficult to see unless you go deep into the jungle. There are also white and black gibbons that make an amazing noise calling out to each other, and Thomas Leaf monkeys, with their amazing hair dos. If you are lucky, you may be able to see Hornbills, Moon Snakes, and Monitor Lizards.
Since there are very few still alive, it is very improbable that either the Sumatran Tiger or the Sumatran Rhinoceros will be encountered, although footprints and droppings have been reported. For elephants, go to Tangkahan or near Ketambe you can trek further into the jungle to try and spot wild elephants. While seeing creatures in the wild is never guaranteed, visitors can at least get a glimpse of their habitats and experience their environment while waiting to see a rare animal or bird.
Jam Gadang (Minangkabau for “Big Clock”) is a clock tower and major landmark and tourist attraction in the city of Bukittinggi,.
Puncak Lawang is the name of a plateau peak in Agam regency of West Sumatra . From this place, we can see the blue of Maninjau Lake .
Fort de Kock is a Dutch heritage fort that stood in Bukittinggi City , West Sumatra , Indonesia . The fort was founded by Captain Bouer in 1825 during the time of Baron
The capital of West Sumatra, Padang has several houses built in traditional architecture, including Padang Museum,
A view of Lembah Anai Water Fall found in West Sumatera Province – Indonesia. It is located in Lembah Anai area on the way towards padang Panjang,
Bukit Tinggi Japanese hole (also spelled the Japanese hole ) is one of the historical attractions in Bukittinggi City , West Sumatra , Indonesia .
We aim to make your trip to Sumatra a more colourful and interesting experience. We cater for all budgets, whether large or small.